Section IV I do not support Communism or Marxism, however, I found it interesting that Marx declared an alliance at the end of the section with the social democrats in support of other various communist revolutions and calling them to action. Marx truly believed that communism was the best way to go. His enthusiasm was enough to grab people's attention, and make his presence known.
Sec III. 1. A. Feudal Socialism
Sec II bottom of pg 1195
From his statements about the aristocracy and the bourgeois, Marx gives the impression that he believes individuals will act in a way that will gain them power. For example, "In order to arouse sympathy, the aristocracy were obliged to lose sight, apparently, of their own interests and to formulate their indictment against the bourgeoisie...". Do his thoughts on the innate good of people have any parallels to Machiavelli?
Marx discusses the policies that will be applicable in advanced countries. He names things such as "a heavy progressive tax, abolition of all right of inheritance," etc. How possible is it that these ideals even be adopted and accepted by the working class or those that stand to benefit from them? It often seems that even in the United States it is difficult to convince people to adopt policies similar to these even if they would benefit them.
End of Chapter II. Proletarians and Communists: "Bourgeois marriage is in reality community of wives." Why does Marx touch on the topic of marriage? What is the role women play in the bourgeoisie? Can they benefit from communism? If so, how?
III: Socialist and Communist Literature, section 2: Conservative, or Bourgeois, Socialism There seems to be a criticism towards any type of service. The claim is that people only want to help society for the purpose of attaining a bourgeoisie society without a proletariat. Does Marx believe that economists, philanthropists, humanitarians, etc only care about making everyone bourgeoisie? Can they not have truly good intentions of helping the less fortunate through their service besides just trying to eliminate the proletariat?
Section II Marx focuses on the tense roles between the bourgeoisie and proletariat and the inevitability of a revolution on behalf of the proletariat. Many countries are not as extreme as Marx but have added in social welfare systems to prevent this uprising and assist the proletariat. Even with these measures, many countries still have inequality among classes. Would Marx agree or disagree with the welfare measures of capitalist societies like the US or of social welfare systems in Nordic countries? Why or why not?
Section II Marx talks about the abolition of bourgeois property as a goal of Communism. Property is a huge incentive for people to display exceptional work. How can he defend that overall this move would actually benefit society as a whole. It appears that without such benefits, the quality of work would decrease.
Discussion questions formDiscussion questions may be submitted using this form.
Appointment schedulingIf regular office hours don't work for you, you can schedule an appointment by clicking here.
Syllabus and reading schedule