Questions for Locke’s *Second Treatise,* Chs. 12-16

PassageQuestion
Chapter 12 In this chapter Locke discuses the legislature and how it should be composed of individuals from a variety of backgrounds and areas in society. However, if we look at many of the world's legislative bodies they are often composed of relatively homogenous traits such as male, wealthy and (in the USA) being white. How would one go about insuring the proper variety, as reflected in the population, would be present in the legislature? Is there any way to guarantee variety? Is such a variety always a good thing? Why or why not?
Chapter 13, Part 150In this passage, Locke says that the legislative is the supreme power when it comes to governmental issues. Is this where the U.S. government got its idea that Congress can in fact override a president's veto? Do you think that Locke is right in thinking this, especially with the many criticisms that arise in the current U.S. Congress (if hypothetically a situation would arise where a president would have to veto legislation)?
Chapter 19When reading this chapter, Locke generally asks who can determine when the overthrow of a leader. The conclusion is that the people are the ones who have the ability to determine the demise of their ruler. I would have to agree. If nothing else, the greatest evidence of this comes from the Arab Spring. All across the Middle East/North Africa, there was a call from the people to bring about the end of authoritative rulers. The people organized and sought the destiny they wished for, for their country. They had been the ones facing the greatest consequences of these rulers (and some still are in Syria) and had the right, I believe, to overthrow these destructive leaders. I was then curious if there is agreement with this statement, or do some think that there should be a more formal way of taking down a leader such as through a process similar to the US with impeachment?
Chapter 14 ("Of Prerogative"), Paragraph 168If a ruler in today's world was in a state of war and used an "appeal to heaven", how do you think the people would react?
Chapter 19 section 220 Locke states that when a government is dissolved, it is up to the people to provide for themselves by choosing new leaders and changing their form of government. What measures must be taken in establishing their new government to ensure it does not again dissolve?

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